インド宇宙ステーション

ISROインド宇宙研究機関(Indian Space Research Organisation)がインド独自の宇宙ステーション(India’s own Space Station)の建設を公表して数日。

情報は少しづつ入ってきますが、現時点での全貌はわかりませんが、まずは、月面探査機を現地時間2019年7月15日に月探査機Chandrayaan2を打ち上げ、有人宇宙飛行ロケット計画、ガガニャンミッション(Gaganyaan Missio)などいくつかのミッションを予定しておりますが、ロケットのエンジンテストに関しましては、ISROによれば、すでに成功済みのようです。意表をついて公表と違うロケットが開発されていたり…。先日もロケットを打ち上げたばかりです。

打ち上げ予定場所は、シュリハリコータ(Sriharikota)SDSCサティシュダワン宇宙センター(Satish Dhawan Space Center)より打ち上げ。

ISROインド宇宙研究機関(Indian Space Research Organisation)が宇宙ステーションを建設することになれば、アメリカ合衆国、ロシア、中華人民共和国に続く宇宙ステーションの建設になります。どこも意外と予定通りにミッションを進めているような感じがします。

以前のPress Information Bureau公表資料より一部参照引用。

ISRO to send first Indian into Space by 2022 as announced by PM, says Dr Jitendra Singh

Rs. 10,000 crore mission will be a turning point in India’s space journey; most engineering components are ready: ISRO Chairman Chandrayaan-2 scheduled to be launched in January, 2019

As announced by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi during his Independence Day address, India’s first Indian human mission will be launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) by 2022. This was stated by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh while addressing a press conference here today. The ISRO Chairman, Dr. K. Sivan said that ISRO has the capabilities to accomplish this task by the given timeframe. He said that this is a huge responsibility and a challenging task for ISRO, but it will succeed. The programme will make India the fourth nation in the world to launch a Human Spaceflight Mission. So far, only the USA, Russia and China have launched human spaceflight missions.
It may be recalled that the Prime Minister during his Independence Day address had announced `Gaganyaan — India’s maiden human spaceflight programme’. He had declared that ‘a son or a daughter of India will go to Space from Indian soil by an Indian vehicle by 2022 (75th year of Indian independence) or sooner’. This is the most ambitious space programme undertaken by ISRO till date and is essential as it will give a big boost to the Science and Technology development within the country, said Dr Sivan. This will also inspire the youth of the country to take up bigger challenges and enhance the prestige of the country.


中略
Giving details about the Gaganyan, Dr Sivan said that it will comprise of a crew module and service module that constitute an orbital module. It weighs approximately 7 tonnes, and will be carried by a rocket. The crew module’s size will be 3.7 mts x 7 mts. The crew will do microgravity experiment during the mission. The crew will be selected by Indian Air Force (IAF) and ISRO jointly after which they will undergo training for two-three years. While ISRO has perfected the engineering aspects of the mission, Dr Sivan said, bioscience is a new field for ISRO and requires collaboration and support from other organizations.

He enumerated the objectives of the Mission as:
Ⅰ. Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country
Ⅱ. A national project involving several institutes, academia and industry
Ⅲ. Improvement of industrial growth
Ⅳ. Inspiring youth
Ⅴ. Development of technology for social benefits
Ⅵ. Improving international collaboration

During the conference, he also spoke about the forthcoming projects of ISRO, including Chandrayaan-2, is scheduled to be launched in January, 2019. The Mission will have an orbiter weighing 2379 kg, lander named Vikram weighing 1471 kg and a rover weighing 27 kg. Explaining the delay in launch of Chandrayaan-2, he said that the payload of the Mission has increased to provide for another component of the lander at 30 km orbit, which required a GSLV MkIII rocket for launch.
He said that ISRO aims to launch 19 missions upto March, 2019. These missions include launch of 4 satellites to accomplish the Digital India programme by providing higher bandwidth for connectivity.
Scientific Secretary, ISRO, Shri R. Umamaheswaran and other Senior Officers of the Department of Space were also present during the press conference.

Press Information Bureau

ISROインド宇宙研究機関(Indian Space Research Organisation)もいろいろとミッションが増えてきた。

ISROインド宇宙研究機関(Indian Space Research Organisation)は、まずは有人宇宙飛行ロケットガガニャンミッション(Gaganyaan Missio)を成功させて、インド独自の宇宙ステーション(India’s own Space Station)の建設を予定。