スティーヴン・ホーキング博士（Stephen Hawking）のかなり前の動画も当然ながら気になるのですが、インテル（Intel）が開発したACAT（Assistive Context Aware Toolkit）などがずっと気になっているというちょっとしたお話しです。
How Intel keeps Stephen Hawking talking
As his new Intel-created communication platform is unveiled, Stephen Hawking discusses his 20-year relationship with Intel and how technology helps him to communicate and live every day
Since 1997, my computer-based communication system has been sponsored and provided by Intel® Corporation. A tablet computer mounted on the arm of my wheelchair is powered by my wheelchair batteries, although the tablets internal battery will keep the computer running if necessary.
My main interface to the computer is through an open source program called ACAT, written by Intel. This provides a software keyboard on the screen. A cursor automatically scans across this keyboard by row or by column. I can select a character by moving my cheek to stop the cursor. My cheek movement is detected by an infrared switch that is mounted on my spectacles. This switch is my only interface with the computer. ACAT includes a word prediction algorithm provided by SwiftKey, trained on my books and lectures, so I usually only have to type the first couple of characters before I can select the whole word. When I have built up a sentence, I can send it to my speech synthesizer. I use a separate hardware synthesizer, made by Speech Plus. It is the best I have heard, although it gives me an accent that has been described variously as Scandinavian, American or Scottish.
Through ACAT I can also control the mouse in Windows. This allows me to operate my whole computer. I can check my email using Microsoft Outlook, surf the internet using Firefox, or write lectures using Microsoft Word. My latest computer from Intel also contains a webcam which I use with Skype to keep in touch with my friends. I can express a lot through my facial expressions to those who know me well.
Lama Nachman creates predictive and assistive technologies to help Stephen Hawking and others communicate.
After meeting Intel cofounder Gordon Moore in 1997, Hawking has relied on Intel engineers to fine tune his customized PCs. When Hawking needed a new system in 2011, Nachman eagerly stepped up to the task.
“There are projects that we do because we love the research and we’re inspired by the research,” said Nachman, an Intel Fellow and director of Intel’s Anticipatory Computing Lab. “Then there are projects that we do because they feed our souls, and that’s one of those types of projects.”
Beyond her work with Hawking, she feeds her soul by working on a range of projects exploring how computing devices can sense their surroundings, learn and adapt to better serve people’s personal needs. She speaks fast without wasting or mincing words, and her certainty is distracted only occasionally by brilliant bursts of humility.
Nachman is a tenacious, fast-thinking computer engineer with advanced degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She developed a deep understanding of hardware, software, networking and algorithms, and has spent her career pushing the boundaries of what computing can do to enhance human experiences. Her team is currently working on creating context-aware systems that can understand people through sensing and apply this knowledge to assist them in daily life.
“Imagine a computer that can understand a student’s emotions and level of engagement, and tailor content to better engage the student,” she said. “Or imagine a smart manufacturing facility that can watch over technicians’ activities and help them perform their tasks correctly, or a smart home that watches over kids and elderly and engages them accordingly.”